A Critical Identity Construction in the Songs of Alhaji Musa Dankwairo


    Traditional Songs are powerful means of propagating and maintaining culture in Hausa societies. They are tools with which a singer constructs the identity of personalities and the world views of his society in general. In Hausaland, singers propagate, educate and inform the members of their society about the government policies, roles of personalities, norms, customs and values. This study focuses on the songs of Alhaji Musa Dankwairo with particular attention to the way language is used in identity constructions of power holders in the songs of Sardauna Bello. It examines the nature and attributes of the linguistic items employed by the singer in differentiating the powerful personalities on one hand and the powerless ones on the other. The study is based on the Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). Thus, the method of data analysis adopted is Fairclough’s (1989) theory of Social Practice. The study finds out that Dankwairo as a singer is creative in using linguistic resources such as nouns, pronouns, adjectives, metaphors etc. to construct the positive personality of the major social actors and portray others as negative. Therefore, Hausa traditional song is a means of legitimising or de-legitimising positions or actions. Hence, the creative use of language by singers plays a significant role in obtaining and maintaining power in Hausa society. The study recommends the preservation of Hausa traditional songs due to their relevance as a treasure of cultural norms and values.

    Keywords: construction, de-legitimising, identity, legitimising, powerful, powerless social actors

    DOI: 10.36349/zamijoh.2023.v02i02.006

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    author/ Musa, A.L., Danjani, A.M. & Musa, G.

    journal/Zamfara IJOH Vol. 2, Issue 2